Learning is a continuous process in human life. A man learns throughout his lifetime. Education nurtures humans with various qualities. An effective education system should upgrade as the trend changes. It should not describe the concepts which have been cited in books, it should provide all kinds of life based skills and train a person to be a social well being. The economy of a country also lies on education.
In India literacy rate has increased from the past decade. The average literacy rate is 77.7%. The increase in percentage is due to various campaigns and awareness programs. Still the rural villages of certain states like Bihar, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh are having a poor literacy rate. Children are supposed to quit their education in childhood due to various conditions. Here are some common difficulties which have been faced by the education system in India.
The costs involved in higher studies are very high compared to school. Most of the students terminate higher education after finishing school. Privatization also has a major impact regarding the expenditure of higher education. It exceeds the common man’s expenditure limit.
It is very essential in terms of higher education. Quality standards are provided by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC). The proper certification is provided to various colleges. Accredited colleges had undergone quality checks, overall teacher performance and other criteria. Some colleges have not given accreditation. The certificates provided by these colleges are not approved for employment.
Another important reason for drop out in schools is due to less number of teachers compared to students. Most of the primary schools have less number of teachers. It matters because it enables proper knowledge transfer and attention to students. The students can also convey their ideas and ask queries to the teachers when the student teacher ratio is proper. A healthy relationship is built between students and teachers.
- Lack Of Practical Knowledge
The concept of memorization is strictly followed in most of the education institutions. Students are given marks for the answers which have been exactly printed in books or what the teacher dictated during his/ her class. This prevents the students from thinking accordingly. It dumps the creativity and imagination of students. Practical knowledge lacking from school so that the students cannot be able to understand the concept and they are supposed to memorize theories and concepts
The motive examination is for testing the knowledge that has been gained through learning. Nowadays students are tuned that scoring high marks will make them intelligent, not really. The exam pattern mostly consists of paragraph questions and marks may be given by means of the number of pages written rather than giving appropriate answers.
A large number of elementary schools in rural areas don’t have basic facilities like drinking water, sanitary facilities, study materials etc., Government should take care of these schools by providing proper funds in order to prevent dropouts. Lack of facilities will encourage parents to quit their student’s education.
It is one of the major draw-back of Indian Education system. The problem is defined as the skilled and talented young minds of India, traveling to another country for their higher studies or for their employment. Thus India is losing many talented professionals and overall development of the nation is deteriorated.
- Importance To Other Languages
Majority of the schools give first priority to English. Students belonging to rural areas feel it is difficult to study. They feel bored and start quitting studies. It is necessary to study English, but learning differs from studying. Standard publication of books in Indian languages are under developing condition.